Most urban people are exposed to harmful pollution, exhaust fumes, irritable sounds, and a fast-paced world. They long for peace of mind and tranquillity. Home gardening offers the chance for an individual to connect with nature and makes a place for serenity. Gardening is the practice of growing plants for their beautiful flowers or vegetable and fruits for consumption. A garden is a planned area, normally outdoors, that is created for display, cultivation of different kinds of plants, and other forms of nature.
Gardening has shown significant health benefits and makes people experience nature in their homes. If you decide to grow vegetables or fruits, you will be eating organic foods with higher nutrient content. Gardening also improves one’s mental health, reduces stress, and the physical work you put while gardening is also a kind of exercise that keeps our body in shape. Those who live in apartments, make use of their balconies to make a small garden-like area. But those who are blessed with a backyard or just a space around their house, here are few tips to start gardening:
- Decide what garden you Want
The very first step is to decide what type of garden you want for yourself. Is it going to be a vegetable garden or fruit garden, or just a flower garden. If you want to eat healthy, fresh vegetables, first you need to know what type of crops you can grow. Check neighbouring gardens for inspiration.
If you want a fruit garden, you can grow the ones you like. If you just want a garden for display and splendid fragrance, you could go for some exotic and gorgeous-looking flower garden. No matter what you choose, you have to work for it.
- Pick the Right Location
Most fruits and vegetables need at least 5 – 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. Your green veggies, root veggies, and herbs can grow in partial shade. Pick a small space in the beginning to start your garden.
Avoid those areas which receive strong winds. It could destroy the young plants and keep the pollinators from doing their job. Also, think about the accessibility of watering, caring, and picking the plants.
- Plant Garden Beds
Once you are done with planning your garden, you need to decide the size and types of garden beds. Raised garden beds look attractive and easier to work with. Garden beds should be 8 – 10 feet long and 3 – 4 feet across so that you can reach the centre from either side and easily move without stepping on any plants.
Give each plant enough space to grow properly. Seeds and young plants are fine, but as they grow, they take a lot of space. A small well-tended garden is much more productive than a large poorly-tended garden. Place the plants in a grid or row pattern in the beds, so that growing space is more and walking space is less.
- Keep the Pests Away
Pests are attracted to damp and moist environment and a garden is the perfect place as it also provides food. If one plant gets infected by a pest, it won’t take much time for the whole bed to get infested, as a result, you won’t get the products you wished.
You can use pesticides available in the market or make some of your own, more effective pesticides by mixing neem oil with few drops of dish soap and water and spray it once a week. If you see a large number of pests attacking your garden, it is best to hire professional pest control services.
- Invest in Gardening Tools
The right kind of tools will make the gardening work a pleasure, rather than a chore. As you don’t use a butter knife to cut carrots, you need to invest in some basic gardening tools that you will need. Some of the basic tools are:
- Garden hoe
- Scuffle hoe
- D handle shovel or garden shovel
- Dirt rake
- Leaf rake
- Garden hose or watering can (depending upon the size of plants)
- Hand tools
Do not purchase cheap plastic tools; they won’t be as effective and long-lasting. Visit your nearby gardening centre or tools shop and buy metal ones in the right size. Keep all your tools clean and sharp, like a good knife. The right tools will save you time and effort.